VTA Project Guide
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Catalog excerpts

VTA Project Guide - 1

Project Guide Variable turbine area for TCA turbocharger Engineering the Future - since 1758.

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VTA Project Guide - 3

1 Variable Turbine Area (VTA) 10 Retrofit - Worldwide Turbocharger Service

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VTA Project Guide - 4

====== All data provided in this document is non-binding. This data serves informational purposes only and is especially not guaranteed in any way. Depending on the subsequent specific individual projects, the relevant data may be subject to changes and will be assessed and determined individually for each project. This will depend on the particular characteristics of each individual project, especially specific site and operational conditions.

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VTA Project Guide - 5

Application Ranges for the Variable Turbine Area The VTA was designed for applications on super-charged large-bore diesel engines with varying load profiles. Due to its adjustability, the VTA efficiently adapts to a wide range of engine operation. A fresh-air supply is necessary to meet the requirements of modern largebore diesel engines. A specifically efficient method is by using a variable turbine area, abbreviated VTA. It changes the pressure level in the engine by adapting the tightest flown-through nozzle-ring cross-section. The flown-through surface is changed by adjusting the guide...

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VTA Project Guide - 6

Variable Turbine Area (VTA) Two-stroke diesel engine Scavenge-air pressure at part load ▪ is increased by closing the VTA: In part load, either Economy Mode (Mode 1.) Ignition-pressure increase for reduction reduced fuel consumption of the SFOC 3) (NOx increased) or Emission Mode (Mode 2.) Ignition pressure is held constant by means of delayed injection Reduced NOx emissions (Fuel consumption lightly increased in comparison to Mode 1.). ▪ Correction of ambient-temperature In conjunction with variable injection influences on scavenge pressure technology and when accordingly optimized, the...

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VTA Project Guide - 7

VTA opens at part load Correction of ambient-temperature influences on charge pressure Reduced fuel consumption due to increased charging efficiency when compared with blow-off valves or throttle Closing on load application to pre- ▪ vent mixture from being over-rich Elimination of blow-off valves/throttle Variation of the charge pressure to adapt to changing gas qualities Dual-fuel engine Test engine Adaptation of the charging air pres- ▪ sure to changed engine parameters VTA only on power turbine „Closing“ of the VTA for throttling of ▪ the power-turbine output Increase of the charging...

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VTA Project Guide - 8

MAN Diesel Application Examples VTA on a two-stroke diesel engine TCA55-21004V on 6S46MC-C 4000 S pec ific ation TC A55-21004V, VTA c los ing S pec ific ation TC A55-21004V, VTA open 3500 Variable Turbine Area (VTA) S tandard s pec ific ation TC A55-20027 w ith fixed noz z le ring Max. allow able ps c av 3000 S am e s pec ific ation as TC A55-21004V but w ith fixed noz z le ring 2500 A ux. B lo we r switch p o int with V TA clo se d =2 7 % L o a d A ux. B lo we r switch p o int with o ld sp e c =3 2 % L o a d pscav Scavenge air pressure MCR Maximum Continuous Rating Figure 1: Increase of...

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VTA Project Guide - 9

Variable Turbine Area (VTA) pressure within the load range of approx. 80-100% MCR. This can be prevented by opening the VTA from 75% MCR on. 67 VTA Open 66 VTA Closing Specification without VTA Efficiency requirement MCR Maximum Continuous Rating Figure 2: Turbocharger efficiencies with TCA55-21V on 6S46MC-C engine The Fig. Turbocharger efficiencies with TCA55-21V on 6S46MC-C engine shows the efficiency characteristic of the VTA layout with the previous, fullload optimized specification. A clear increase of the efficiencies below 85% MCR can be seen for the closing nozzle ring. In this...

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VTA Project Guide - 10

Variable Turbine Area (VTA) 1 Fuel Consumption Savings SFOC Specific Fuel Oil Consumption Figure 3: Reduction of fuel consumption with TCA55-21V on 6S46MC-C engine The Fig. Reduction of fuel consumption with TCA55-21V on 6S46MC-C engine shows the fuel consumption savings measured during the maiden voyage while closing the VTA toward part load. In accordance with previous trends, the scavenge-pressure increase results in a reduction of fuel consumption of approx. 1 g/kWh per 100 mbar; in the example shown, the savings result to 4 g/kWh at 75% MCR. Fuel Consumption Savings for The following...

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VTA Project Guide - 11

Increase of the Charging Efficiency The resulting increase of the charging efficiency with VTA when compared with the bypass concept is shown in the Fig. Improvement of the charge efficiency with a TCA55-41V on an 7L51/60DF engine. Variable Turbine Area (VTA) required. Furthermore, a control reserve must be provided for in the 50-100% MCR load range for load applications and high intake temperatures. For rigid geometry, this can be realized by blowing-off during operation under normal conditions or part load with significant losses of the charging efficiency, or efficiently by opening the...

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VTA Project Guide - 12

∆η=1% Engine thermal efficiency in % Variable Turbine Area (VTA) MCR Maximum Continuous Rating Figure 5: Improvement of the thermal efficiency with a TCA55-41V on an 7L51/60DF engine

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VTA Project Guide - 13

Overview of Series VTA on the TCA Turbocharger Activate 3D Fly-around Actuator VTA Figure 1: TCA turbocharger with variable turbine area Dimensions Overall Dimensions The use of a variable turbine area does not change the dimensions of the turbocharger. Overall dimensions of TCA turbochargers: see Project Guide „TCA Turbochargers“. Control Cabinet For the variable turbine area, an additional control cabinet or switch box is necessary for accomodation of the VTA control system, depending on the engine system. Description of the required components for the VTA control system: See chapter [4]...

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VTA Project Guide - 14

For weight information on VTA components of non-listed TCA turbochargers, please contact our technical sales department. E-mail: turbochargers@mandiesel.com Casing Positions By using the variable turbine area, there are no restrictions in terms of the turnability of individual turbocharger casings of TCA turbochargers. Tip! Possible casing positions for TCA turbochargers: see Project Guide „TCA Turbochargers“. Mounting Position of the Adjusting Device The adjusting device for the turbine nozzle ring is firmly mounted to the gasadmission casing and cannot be turned separately. The...

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